On April 17, 1820 — Alexander Cartwright, considered by many the ‘father’ of the national pastime, is born in New York City. The banker, who is given credit for establishing three strikes for an out and three outs for each half inning, will be elected into the Hall of Fame in 1938 after a review of his journals reveals the many contributions he made in developing and promoting the sport of baseball. (Alex Cartwright, Mr. Cartwight’s great great grandson, inspired this entry.)

National Pastime

Own this Day and Be Part of Baseball History