Christy Mathewson Stats & Facts
Christy Mathewson Essentials
Bats: Right • Throws: Right
6-1, 195lb (185cm, 88kg)
Born: August 12, 1880 in Factoryville, PA us
Died: October 7, 1925 (Aged 45-056d) in Saranac Lake, NY
Buried: Lewisburg City Cemetery, Lewisburg, PA
High School: Keystone Academy (Factoryville, PA)
School: Bucknell University (Lewisburg, PA)
Debut: July 17, 1900 (Age 19-339d, 2,205th in MLB history)
Last Game: September 4, 1916 (Age 36-023d)
Hall of Fame: Inducted as Player in 1936. (Voted by BBWAA on 205/226 ballots)
Induction ceremony in Cooperstown held in 1939.
View Christy Mathewson’s Page at the Baseball Hall of Fame (plaque, photos, videos).
Rookie Status: Exceeded rookie limits during 1901 season
Full Name: Christopher Mathewson
Nicknames: Big Six or Matty
Relatives: Brother of Henry Mathewson
Notable Events and Chronology for Christy Mathewson Career
Although he tried to return the money, Christy Mathewson is accused by Connie Mack of reneging on his contract with Philadelphia. In January, ‘Big Six,’ after meeting with the A’s manager, received a signing bonus, committing himself to play for the 1901 season with the American League team, but then used the offer as leverage to get a richer contract from the Giants.
The Boston Beaneaters drive Christy Mathewson from the mound with five runs in the 6th to take a 6 – 5 lead over the Giants and hold on to win by that score. When Roger Bresnahan is called out at home in the 9th, New York and John McGraw and Billy Gilbert lead the argument against August Moran. Moran tosses them for their troubles. New York wins the nitecap, 3 – 2, in 10 innings.
In another classic match-up, Three-Finger Brown and Christy Mathewson pair off with Brown winning, 1 – 0. The Cubs pitcher allows 6 hits, with Matty giving up 7. The only run comes on a 5th-inning inside-the-park home run by Matty’s nemesis, Joe Tinker, who runs through the arms of third base coach Heinie Zimmerman to score. In the 12 match-ups between the two pitchers, Brown has won eight. A tragic occurrence happens during Tinker’s home run dash when a boy, standing on the roof of a nearby building to view the game, falls 50 feet to his death.
The largest crowd in the history of the National League – 35,000 – cheer as the Giants shove the Pirates to five games off the pace by sweeping a doubleheader. Christy Mathewson shuts out the Bucs in the first game, 7 – 0, for his 11th shutout and his 33rd win. Then the Giants collect 18 hits to take the nitecap, 12 – 7, as Hooks Wiltse and Joe McGinnity combine for the win. The other hitting occurs in the first game when Mike Donlin tires of a heckler and punches him in the eye. Police quickly move in.
The New York Giants score a major league record 10 runs before the St. Louis Cardinals retire the first batter in the 1st inning. Fred Merkle drives in six of the Giants’ 13 runs in the 1st en route to a 19 – 5 victory. When Giants manager John McGraw decides to save starting pitcher Christy Mathewson for another day, Rube Marquard enters the game in the 2nd inning and sets a record for relievers (since broken) with 14 strikeouts in his eight-inning appearance.
At the Polo Grounds, 32,000 watch as Lefty Tyler and Christy Mathewson throw goose eggs for nine innings. In the 10th, Red Smith singles and Hank Gowdy triples him home. Matty then wild pitches Gowdy home for 2 – 0 lead. New York loads the bases in the 10th with no outs, but Tyler slams the door with no Giants scoring. The Braves now trail by 3 1/2.
Reds player-manager Christy Mathewson, pitching his only game not in a Giant uniform, beats his long-time nemesis Mordecai “Three Finger” Brown and the Cubs, 10 – 8. In the 25 contests in which the two legends have faced one another, Matty, by winning the last decision, takes a 13-12 advantage in their final meeting.
Many pitchers excelled during the Dead-ball Era that lasted until 1920. But no hurler, with the possible exception of Walter Johnson, was more dominant than Christy Mathewson. The New York Giants righthander was baseball’s preeminent pitcher throughout the first decade of the 20th century, and, almost 100 years after he threw his last pitch, many baseball historians still consider Mathewson to be the greatest hurler in National League history.
Born in Factoryville, Pennsylvania on August 12, 1880, Christy Mathewson was a rare breed in the early days of 20th century baseball. A clean-cut, well-spoken gentleman, Mathewson stood in stark contrast to most of the other players of his time, who were raucous, unsophisticated, and uneducated. After attending Bucknell University, where he served as class president and played on the school’s football and baseball teams, Mathewson began pitching professionally for Taunton of the New England League in 1899. He spent the following year with the Norfolk team of the Virginia-North Carolina League, for whom he compiled a 20-2 record. The New York Giants purchased Mathewson’s contract from Norfolk for $1,500 in July of 1900, and the righthander appeared in only six games for the Giants before they elected to return him to Norfolk, demanding their money back in the process. The Cincinnati Reds plucked Mathewson off the Norfolk roster later that month, and they subsequently traded him back to the Giants on December 15, 1900.
Despite compiling a rather mediocre 34-34 record with the Giants over his first two full seasons, Mathewson pitched well for his new team. He won 20 games in 1901, completed 36 of his 38 starts, and struck out 221 batters in 336 innings of work. The righthander won only 14 games the following year, but he pitched to an outstanding 2.12 ERA and led the National League with eight shutouts.
Employing a good fastball, exceptional control, and a new pitch he called the “fadeaway” (later known in baseball as the “screwball”), which he learned from one of his college teammates a few years earlier, Mathewson really came into his own in 1903. Teaming up with fellow Hall-of-Famer Iron Man Joe McGinnity to give New York baseball’s best one-two punch, he finished the season 30-13, with a 2.26 ERA, 37 complete games, and a league-leading 267 strikeouts. He surpassed 30 victories in each of the next two seasons as well, going 33-12 in 1904, and compiling a record of 31-9 in 1905. Mathewson led the league in strikeouts each of those years, and he also topped the circuit with a 1.28 ERA and eight shutouts in 1905, en route to capturing the pitchers’ version of the triple crown.
It was in the 1905 World Series against the Philadelphia Athletics that Mathewson put on one of the greatest pitching exhibitions in baseball history. After pitching a four-hit shutout in Game One, he returned to the mound three days later to toss another four-hit shutout. Mathewson started again in Game Five, and, working with only one day of rest, proceeded to clinch the Series for the Giants by throwing a six-hit shutout. In the end, Mathewson pitched three complete-game shutouts in a span of only six days.
Mathewson continued to excel throughout the remainder of the decade, surpassing 20 victories each season, leading the league in wins three more times, and topping the circuit two more times each in ERA, complete games, shutouts, and strikeouts. He had perhaps his greatest season in 1908, when he won the triple crown for the second time by leading the league with a record of 37-11, an ERA of 1.43, and 259 strikeouts. He also led all N.L. hurlers with 34 complete games, 11 shutouts, five saves, and 391 innings pitched. Mathewson followed that up by winning 25 games in 1909, while compiling a career-best 1.14 earned run average. He led the league in victories for the last time in 1910, finishing the season with a record of 27-9, pitching to a 1.89 earned run average, and topping the circuit with 27 complete games.
Mathewson continued his string of 12 straight seasons with more than 20 victories through 1914, before his pitching skills began to leave him the following year. After winning only eight games for the Giants in 1915, Mathewson was traded to the Cincinnati Reds, for whom he made only one start before announcing his retirement at the conclusion of the 1916 season. Mathewson ended his career with a record of 373-188, an ERA of 2.13, and 79 shutouts. His 373 victories tie him for the all-time National League lead with Grover Cleveland Alexander. Possessing pinpoint-like control that enabled him to throw his pitches exactly where he wanted to, Mathewson compiled a remarkable 3-to-1 strikeout-to-walk ratio during his career, by striking out 2,502 batters, while walking only 844 men. He also allowed just 4,219 hits in almost 4,800 innings of work. Mathewson completed 435 of his 552 starts. In all, he won at least 20 games a total of 13 times, surpassing 30 victories on four separate occasions. He also allowed fewer than two runs per-nine innings of work nine times, threw more than 300 innings 11 times, and struck out more than 200 batters five times. Mathewson led the league in wins and shutouts four times each, in ERA and strikeouts five times each, in complete games twice, and in innings pitched once. He also helped lead the Giants to five National League pennants.
Longtime manager Connie Mack, whose Athletics were victimized by Mathewson in the 1905 World Series, had this to say about his former adversary: “Mathewson was the greatest pitcher who ever lived. He had knowledge, judgment, perfect control and form. It was wonderful to watch him pitch when he wasn’t pitching against you.”
Sportswriter Damon Runyon once expressed the admiration and respect everyone in baseball had for Mathewson when he wrote: “Mathewson pitched against Cincinnati yesterday. Another way of putting it is that Cincinnati lost a game of baseball. The first statement means the same as the second.”
Unfortunately, Mathewson’s life after baseball was cut short as a result of his involvement in World War I. After enlisting in the United States Army in 1918, the former pitching great inhaled poisonous gas during a training exercise in France. He subsequently developed tuberculosis, an illness that plagued him the remainder of his life. He finally lost his battle with the disease on October 7, 1925, passing away at only 45 years of age. Speaking at the memorial service held for Mathewson, Baseball Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis said, “He was an inspiration to everybody, and may we have more of his kind. His sense of justice, his integrity, and sportsmanship made him far greater than Christy Mathewson the pitcher.”